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Signs You May Have Gum Disease
Gum disease is a popular dental health issue that is easy to ignore. The truth is that we often focus more on tooth health than gum health, and gum issues rarely cause discomfort, which makes it easy for them to go undetected. Failure to detect the condition early may cause serious complications, and it is currently one of the major causes of tooth loss in adults. Luckily, gum disease does give off some signs that you need to watch out for.
Signs of gum disease
Stage one: plaque attack
You may already know what gingivitis means. It is the earliest stage of gum disease and appears as inflammation of gum tissues caused by the accumulation of plaque on the teeth and gums. If you are diagnosed with gingivitis, the treatments are usually minimally invasive. Gingivitis can be reversed with expert deep teeth cleaning accompanied by a continuous routine of brushing and flossing.
Stage two: bone burrowing
Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gum disease. Although dental experts can treat periodontitis, they usually have to utilize more invasive procedures, such as scaling and in-depth cleaning of the root surfaces or eliminating harmful microorganisms and plaques from below the gum line.
However, periodontitis does not affect the gums alone. It is sometimes responsible for bone and tissue loss in the mouth. If this happens, the dental expert may refer you to a dental specialist called a periodontist, who would be able to carry out more complicated procedures to help regenerate lost bones and tissues.
The signs of gum disease
It is possible to prevent advanced stages of gum disease by simply maintaining excellent oral hygiene; brushing and flossing regularly is helpful. Meanwhile, watch for some of these symptoms.
Gum inflammation and redness
As with every infection, gum disease initiates an immune reaction that sends antibodies to the gums to fight the bacteria. The resulting battle causes inflammation (swelling) and dark red gums that may be persistent.
Normal, healthy gums should not bleed. In some cases, bleeding may mean rigorous brushing, and often, it means that the tissues have degenerated from the infection to the point that they bleed easily.
Weak gum tissues pull away from the tooth, widening the naturally thin space between the gums and the teeth and deepening the tooth to form a void called the periodontal pocket. This can cause an abscess, where pus builds up in the pocket and makes it redder and more swollen than the tissues close by. An abscess must be treated immediately because bone loss tends to happen at a faster rate with an abscess than regular gum disease.
If you feel a sharp pain when you eat or drink something cold or hot, it could be an indication of gum recession from the tooth. Gum recession reveals the tooth root, which is reactive to temperature and pressure changes in the oral cavity.
Infected gum tissues may cause the teeth to feel loose or even shift. This means that the gum disease has worsened significantly. If untreated, it could cause tooth loss.
To beat gum disease, watch out for these signs and go for your regular dental checkups. This will ensure prevention and early diagnosis.
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