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Dental Implants: What Is Osseointegration?
Dental implant surgery is usually done in stages because of the healing time between procedures. Osseointegration is one of the most important processes of the procedure. It is vital for the success of dental implants. If you are thinking of having dental implants, you should learn about what the process involves.
Osseointegration is the process that allows dental implants to bond with the jawbone. Dental implants are made of titanium. Because the material is biocompatible, the body will accept the implant. After an implant is placed, the bone in the jaw will heal around the post to form a strong and permanent bond with it. The implant posts should have a solid mechanical bond with the bone in the jaw. This allows them to act just like natural teeth.
How long does the process take?
The process may take several months, but the duration may vary from patient to patient. The healing time depends on many factors such as the oral health of a person and if a patient will strictly adhere to post-surgery instructions. Other factors such as alcohol use, smoking and the care given to the surgery site can also impact the process. Tobacco use can slow the healing process and even lead to dental implant failure. Oral surgeons always advise people who would like to get dental implants to quit smoking to increase the chances of success.
Dental implant failure
Most implants have three parts, specifically the titanium implant body, abutment and the crown. The implant body is placed in the bone and the crown is attached to the abutment. All three parts may develop issues if a single one of them becomes broken or loose. The biological process of osseointegration allows implants to function. If the process does not happen the way it should, a patient may occasionally experience problems after implant placement.
Mobility is one of the indicators of the bone not growing properly around the implant. Initially, the mobility will be slight and only noticeable by a dentist. Over time, an implant will fail to attach and will feel unstable and may move when an individual talks or chews. Implants that have totally failed will be consistently movable. Other signs of the failed process include swelling, infection or pain.
Certain medical conditions and habits increase the risk of implant failure. Bruxism and gum disease can damage a healing dental implant. Diseases that attack bone density and strength can make it hard for the implant to anchor. Particular medications can also contribute to implant failure.
Learn more about osseointegration
The process involves the body producing living bone cells that grow around the surface of the implant. This helps to secure the implant into the jawbone. Patients should take measures to ensure nothing interferes with the process. It is also important to be able to identify signs that show there may be a problem with an implant. You should learn as much as possible about osseointegration. If you have any questions, make sure you contact your oral surgeon.
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